Working with an experienced staff of nurses and technicians, our interventional cardiologists at South Florida Baptist Hospital perform diagnostic catheterizations in our Evelyn and Batista Madonia, Sr. Heart and Vascular Center.
A cardiac catheterization is a procedure where a catheter is inserted into your groin and guided to your heart. Once there, the catheter measures the pressure of the blood in the chambers of the heart and takes images of your heart to determine any blockage. The results of the diagnostic catheterization can helps the physicians determine if the patient has heart disease.
Peripheral Arterial Disease and Other Vascular Diseases
One in every 20 Americans over the age of 50 has Peripheral Arterial Disease (PAD). PAD develops when arteries become blocked with plaque - fatty deposits that limit blood flow in the legs. Just like clogged arteries in the heart, clogged arteries in the leg can increase a person's risk for heart attack or stroke.
To help treat PAD, we offer peripheral angioplasties, a procedure performed on the blood vessels outside of the coronary arteries. An empty balloon attached to a guide wire is passed into the narrowed vessels and then inflated with tremendous water pressure. The water pressure crushes the fatty deposits in the vessels, which opens them up for blood flow.
In addition to treating PAD, our vascular team can perform surgery in the Pete Beaty Surgery Center to repair aortic aneurysms as well as carotid endarterectomy, which is stroke-preventing procedure that corrects the narrowing of the common carotid artery.
A highly skilled, professional staff help people with cardiac or pulmonary disease look better and feel better through medically supervised fitness programs. Participants receive education on their disease and work with the staff to identify individual risk factors. A three-phase program provides step-by-step care that parallels the patients' recovery from illness. During exercise, individuals are monitored with advanced telemetry that alerts the staff to any changes in their well-being and prints out periodic reports so the physician can monitor progress.
Coronary Artery Disease
When the arteries leading to the heart become narrowed or hardened, the heart may not receive the oxygen-rich blood it needs. This condition, called coronary artery disease (CAD), is the most common form of cardiovascular disease today. It may cause chest pain, shortness of breath or fatigue, or there may be no symptoms. If left untreated, the arteries may continue to narrow or become blocked, leading to a heart attack or cardiac arrest.
The South Florida Baptist Hospital Evelyn and Batista Madonia, Sr. Heart and Vascular Center provides comprehensive services to diagnose and treat CAD, including non-invasive procedures such as stress tests and nuclear cardiology, as well as diagnostic cardiac catheterization to determine the extent and exact location of any blockages. After treatment, patients participate in our cardiac rehabilitation program to speed their recovery and help them make the lifestyle changes to reduce future risk.
Non-invasive Diagnostic and Interventional Procedures
To help determine if a patient has heart disease, the severity of the disease and the appropriate treatment options, we offer many non-invasive diagnostic and interventional procedures, including:
- Echocardiography, Transthoracic Echocardiography and Transesophageal Echocardiography - modes of ultrasound that emit high frequency sound waves to create graphic images of the heart's structures, pumping action and direction of blood flow.
- ECG/EKG - a recording of the electrical activity of the heart used to determine whether or not a heart attack has occurred, what part of the heart may be damaged, an irregular heartbeat or rhythm and if there is a decreased supply of blood or oxygen to the heart.
- Stress testing - We provide both treadmill and a combination of treadmill and Dobutamine stress echocardiography testing. With echocardiography testing, ultrasound images of the heart are evaluated at the same time. Dobutamine is a drug administered in place of treadmill testing for patients who are unable to exercise. It increases the heart rate and blood pressure to help diagnose and evaluate coronary artery disease.
- Holter monitoring - Continuous, 24-hour electrocardiographic monitoring of the heart's rhythm.
- Thirty-day event monitoring - Continuous, 30-day electrocardiographic monitoring of the heart's rhythm to help determine the cause of dizziness, palpitations, syncopal (fainting) episodes, etc.
- Tilt table testing - Used to help rule out cardiac disease in patients with fainting.
- Stenting - Placed in an artery to prevent it from narrowing and closing.
- Angioplasty - Used to widen obstructed arteries narrowed by plaque, atherosclerosis, with a balloon-type instrument.
- Atherectomy - This minimally invasive procedure helps to remove atherosclerosis from large blood vessels using a blade instrument.